Due to diabetes affecting how blood flows, it takes longer for wounds, cuts and sores to heal. The meaning of peripheral vascular, is when the blood flow to the legs and arms is reduced due to the narrowing of blood vessels. Peripheral vascular disease affects blood vessels that are far off from the heart. The cost of diabetes care is climbing exponentially with the incidence of diabetes rising by 1 percent per year, he said, noting that the American Diabetes Association now says 24 million Americans have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Nearly 80 million others have prediabetes, which involves elevated blood-sugar levels and other indicators leading to diabetes.
David seemed a littled stunned. He had just been diagnosed as a type 2 diabetic with a high hemoglobin H1C. His doctor told him he needed a diabetic foot exam to see if he was at risk for a diabetic foot ulcer or amputation. As his podiatrist, I explained that he had the beginnings of neuropathy and could not tell if he started to get a diabetic sore on his feet. His blood flow was impaired and would lead to slow healing wounds. His high blood sugar would weaken the immune system and make him more prone to the types of foot infections that lead to diabetic amputation.
Diabetics need daily foot care to check for any new cuts, scrapes or blisters. Clean these carefully and cover with clean bandages to avoid dirt causing an infection. If you notice a sore that doesn’t heal or a red swollen spot, have these checked by your doctor. Massage your feet daily with creams, lotions, oils or even petroleum jelly products to keep the feet smooth and moisturized. If the feet become dried out, they may crack and bleed. Diabetics must not develop infections in their feet, as this would increase the seriousness of any swelling due to circulation problems. 4. Don’t Tip-Toe Around Toenail Maintenance
Also, because diabetics have a tendency to experience problems with swollen feet, wearing regular socks often feels binding and too restrictive. Compression socks are especially designed to allow proper blood circulation of a diabetic’s feet they are also made to be wider than normal socks to aid in comfort plus the material they are made from will help wick away moisture. The elastics in regular socks also tend to be much tighter cutting off circulation. This can sometimes be rather painful to a diabetic, and it tends to lead to other foot problems for diabetics.
Diabetes becomes all the more dangerous because of various complications. Diabetic foot is one of these nuisances of diabetes faced by affected people. Neuropathy often results in loss of sensation in feet and this increases risks of injuries. So, being a diabetic , you need to take care of your body in a better way to avoid serious problems. You must ensure that your feet have no signs of problems. Look for shoes that are spacious. Spacious shoes will give you extra space to move properly. You should definitely avoid tight shoes as they may harm your foot So, you should choose shoes that give you required space and comfort.
Though most diabetic foot amputations are preventable with foot care and proper footwear, people with diabetes have the most non-trauma lower extremity amputations, reports the American Diabetes Association. As a last resort, amputations remove the foot or lower extremity to save a diabetic’s life. Amputations are necessary when wounds do not heal and severe infection is present, and when treatment methods such as antibiotic therapy, wound care and debridement have been attempted with minimal results. The primary goal in the treatment of foot ulcers is to obtain healing as soon as possible. The faster the healing of the wound, the less chance for an infection.
Another two natural remedies to consider for diabetic feet are zinc and some external ointments made from calendula or tea tree oil. Zinc is an essential mineral that supports healthy healing of injuries, cuts, and other wounds in the body. People with diabetes tend to deplete it from their system with the high blood sugar levels. Therefore, taking a good multivitamin-multimineral supplement with at least the recommended daily amount of zinc in it is important. Another treatment option is Autolytic debridement. This is where the doctor applies special moistened dressings to the foot wound, and allows the natural body processes to hopefully heal the wound on the foot.
To assess the correlation between patient and limb survival in patients with DFUs, Stephan Morbach, M.D., of the Marienkrankenhaus in Soest, Germany, and colleagues conducted a prospective study involving 247 consecutive patients with DFUs and without previous major amputation. Participants (mean age 68.8 years; 58.7 percent male; 55.5 with PAD) presented between June 1998 and December 1999 and were followed until May 2011. How do diabetic foot care? Patients with diabetes experts to teach a trick, the dorsalis pedis artery dorsal touch, feel pulse without exception. This is endocrinology, neurology, etc. After several years in patients with type 2 diabetes screening through palpation summed up.
In Mr. Winkler’s case, he was first diagnosed with Charcot foot in 2004 and had already undergone one surgery that relieved the problem for several years. By 2010, though, he was facing the potential amputation of the foot because of complications associated with Charcot foot syndrome. Treatment for this condition, traditionally has been to apply a cast so the fractures and dislocations can heal. The foot would be immobilized for a long period of time (often a year or more). Surgery, although done in some cases is ruled out for many patients due to an increased risk of the foot not healing properly.